The construction and renovation industries have turned their development techniques towards innovative systems. They acknowledge the significance of power efficiency and energy retrofitting in building sector stock. These systems can be applied to both newly constructed houses and existing ones to reduce energy consumption and increase productivity. The introduction of such renovation technologies in the market has turned the tables towards better opportunities.
Technology’s critical role in enabling sectors to deliver stability, sustainability and commitment has been highlighted repeatedly. They have successfully addressed the issues of renovation in parallel to encourage the development of innovative technologies that are required to support the infrastructure of efficient building operations.
Hence, compared to conventional technologies, the global commission of construction and renovation advancements has recognized the need for these technologies – for materials and systems both to get better outcomes while reducing energy consumption. They have proved to be technically mature, commercially exploitable, and technically feasible.
Below are 8 creative renovation technologies to exploit in construction of houses now and near future.
- Zenithal light guides
Zenithal lights are a kind of tubular daylight guidance systems. These systems can channel daylight to the centre of the building and then light pipes can distribute it throughout the building. Light tubes can be fixed horizontally and vertically both and bend them accordingly to suit for every application. Many manufacturers have successfully incorporate artificial lighting systems to conventional types; however, these systems are only able to produce desired luminance under natural sky conditions. Light Emitting Diode (LED) lamps are more advanced formulations, specially designed to maximize performance by combining daylight linked controls to achieve high energy saving.
2. Vacuum Tube Window
Vacuum tubes are intended to provide insulation to reduce heat loss via glazed surfaces. It comprises of vacuum sandwiched between two glass tubes while non-vacuum parts are filled with a low thermal conductive gas that is argon. These vacuum glazed systems are evaluated for numerous retrofitting projects. However, a variety of these advancements are also being tested and applied to define geometrical characteristics with useful thermal properties.
3. Phase Change Materials
Phase change materials are a mixture of reagents that keep melting and boiling points either below or above from 0 degree Celsius. This makes PCM products ideal for thermal management systems. They are a solution to heat exhaustion as they are able to store and release thermal energy when melting or freezing. They are made to release high energy amount as energy crystallization or latent heat of fusion when freeze. Also, when melted, the same high amount of energy is absorbed from the surroundings. These tubes are aimed to develop a novel HPCM based thermal unit to optimize system performance and save cost and energy in HAVC systems.
4. PV Systems and Façade Integrated PV Systems
These innovative and performance efficient integrated PV systems are incorporated into building facades or on roofs with thin-film PVs. They react better with indirect sunlight and can be operated in cloudy weather as well. They are developed as a light-trapping system to improve absorption of light on thin silicon films aka solar cells. They are higher efficient, thin-film, flexible to use solar cells, which makes them ideal for every setting reducing cost and enhancing stability.
5. Solar Thermal Heating Systems
Solar thermal heating systems are advanced evacuated tube solar collectors. They are intended to be treated with selective tinox to enhance the emery absorption and reduce heat loss via radiations. They are used in novel applications. These collectors from a structure of façade structure and roofing. Also, they can be used for heating water and for thermal recovery for solar-powered cooling ejectors. These thermal systems are being successfully used in projects for the market uptake of sustainable technologies as innovations. They include bioenergy, shallow, solar, thermal, geothermal and deep evaporated heating and cooling systems and combines heat energy with power for energy systems.
6. Gas absorption Heat Pumps
These systems are made to utilize freely available energy sources from earth or wind and bring them for the advantage of a higher or lower thermostat for buildings. Gas absorption heat pumps are combined to exploit condensing technology with boilers to comply with thermal pump module. They can be modified to use in residential absorption heat systems driven by natural gas and domestic waters to make them cost-effective.
7. Aerogel and Vacuum Insulated Panels
Aerogel and vacuum insulated panels both are commercially available types of super insulation materials. Vacuum panels are designed with a core rigid fumed silica material that is wrapped in an airtight material that is sealed as aluminum. When the air is being evacuated from the insulation panel, it increases the insulation property of the content by ten times than conventional methods. The outer layer of the coat is made up of plastic polymers that are wrapped in further Meta layers and prevent gaseous penetration to the center.
On the other hand, aerogels intend to have the lowest thermal conductivity and are highly hygroscopic. Hence, it makes it a strong desiccant. Some developers consider it as a hindrance as it is tough for installers to work with its activated form.
Hence, both of them are technically advanced and adaptable and assess innovative retrofit technologies. They include aerogel-based super-insulating mortar, ventilated facades, VIP panels and wooden insulating wall panels. They are effective in strong energy-based insulation, compared with other Nanotechnologies and hence are counted as smart materials. Incorporating Nanotechnologies in composites and high barrier thin films can save ten times more energy compared to other currently available solutions.
8. Self-Cleaning Coatings
Self-cleaning coatings come in two forms, hydrophilic and hydrophobic. Both of them are able to clean themselves with hydration but use different mechanisms. Hydrophilic coatings are water-attracting coatings, and they have additional characteristic of being able to breakdown absorbed dirt in natural light. These self-cleaning technologies have recently developed but are still far behind from being mature enough to deal with the development of new materials that can be applied to both facades and depolluting aspects. This can be a significant step for the improvement of renovation practices in urban cities. This technology is aimed to demonstrate innovative envelope system that is adaptable, cost-effective, and can be used with PV films.
Viable and Creative Renovation Technologies to Exploit in Construction of Houses are more dependent upon energy renovation projects. They are proven to be environment-friendly, economical and energy-efficient. It will be useful in tackling socio-economic barriers by addressing energy poverty. Moreover, it will help to expand renovation projects and make proper application of innovative technologies in energy retrofit plausible.
Amanda Jerelyn is a qualified business professional. She is currently working as a Creative Director at Academist Help. She has a vast experience of research in technological advancements. She is also contributing as research writer for many IT blogs and eBooks.